nº9: Pacific resilience to climate change

The 9th Regional Development Briefing was held in Vanuatu from 31st October to 2nd November 2012, and focused on “Building resilience to climate change in the Pacific islands”. Around 60 participants representing organizations, policy-makers, research, civil society groups, development practitioners and development partners attended the meeting.

This Briefing is part of a series of Briefings on ACP small-island economies: from vulnerabilities to opportunities, held in Brussels and Mauritius in April 2012 and in St Lucia in September 2012. This Briefing will contribute to current efforts to build a regional strategy to climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts and to a green growth regional agenda in the region. It will also feed into the 1st ACP Council of Ministers on Climate Change to be held in Brussels from 7 to 9 November 2012, and contribute to the 18th session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC and the 8th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol will take place from Monday, 26 November to Friday, 7 December 2012 at the Qatar National Convention Centre in Doha, Qatar.

Programme

Speakers biographical data

List of participants

Wednesday 31st October 2012

Opening remarks

H.E. Mamou Alieu Jagne, Ambassador of Gambia to the EU and Chair of the ACP Working Group on Climate Change [Presentation]; Ms Isolina Boto, Manager, CTA Brussels Office [CTA Intro]; Mr Robert De Raeve, Chargé d’Affaires a.i , Delegation of the European Union to Vanuatu; Mr Jeffrey Wilfred, Director General of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Forestry, Vanuatu.

Panel 1: Pacific island vulnerabilities to climate change

Climate change is already disproportionally affecting the islands of the Pacific. Although islanders have done little to contribute to the cause – less than 0.03% of current global greenhouse gas emissions – they are among the first to be exposed. Most islands are experiencing climate change impacts on community livelihoods, infrastructure, water supply, coastal and forest ecosystems, fisheries, agriculture, and human health. The consequences of sea level rise, sea temperature increases, ocean acidification, altered rainfall patterns, and overall temperature rise will be increasingly felt. It is also crucial to strengthen the ability to engage in climate change negotiations, access funding sources and meet international responsibilities such as under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

    - Climate trends, regional and national climate change projections

    Gillian Cambers, Project Manager, Global Climate Change Alliance Pacific-Small Island States, Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Fiji [Presentation]

    - Climate change negotiations between Rio+20 and COP18: Building negotiating capacities

    Espen Ronneberg, Climate Change Adviser for the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) [Presentation]

    - EU’s Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA): Approach and lessons learned

    Thierry Catteau, Attaché, Environment and Natural Resources Section, Delegation of the European Union for the Pacific, Fiji [Presentation]

    - Building the capacity of climate-vulnerable small islands to migrate “with dignity”

    Timothy Westbury, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Subregional Office, Suva, Fiji [Presentation]

    - Vulnerability assessments for Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change

    Maria Tuoro, Director, Policy and Projects, Ministry of Agriculture, Cook Islands [Presentation]

    - Reframing the Pacific through a Climate Change Lens ” A shift from Vulnerability to Value”

    Taholo Kami, Regional Director, IUCN Oceania, Fiji [Presentation]

Panel 2: Climate change, agriculture and environmental challenges and solutions

Climate change is expected to result in a variety of environmental, social, and economic effects on island states, including threats to natural habitat, loss of habitable and agricultural land, coastal erosion, increased intensity of tropical storms, occurrence of invasive and pest species, decreased food and water security, and adverse impacts on human health with particular effect on small island economies. This panel will discuss these threats but also the development of adaptive capacities and community-based strategies to respond to climate change. It will also consider policy options to reduce vulnerability and enhance resilience of vulnerable economies and policies ensuring coordination and coherence of food security actions and climate change policies and actions.

    - Coping with insularity: adaptation to climatic & environmental changes for food security in the Pacific

    Vincent Lebot, Researcher, CIRAD, Vanuatu [Presentation]

    - Impacts of climate change on food and nutrition security: assessing vulnerability

    Karen Fukofuka, Pacific Nutritionist, Vanuatu [Presentation]

    - The Blue economy: new threats and opportunities to sustainable use of marine resources

    Gillian Cambers, Project Manager, Global Climate Change Alliance Pacific-Small Island States, Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Fiji [Presentation]

    - Melanesian Green Growth Roadmap: blue carbon, terrestrial conservation and climate funding

    Mere Falemaka, Director of the Trade & Investment Division, Melanesian Spearhead Group, Vanuatu [Presentation]

    - Environmental sustainability: the case of Papua New Guinea

    Theresa K. Kas, Programme Director, The Nature Conservancy (TNC), Papua New Guinea [Presentation]

    - Integrating Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DDR)

    Malcolm Dalesa, Meteorology and Geo Hazards Department, Head of NAPA, Vanuatu [Presentation]

    - Adaptation to CC and contribution of agrobiodiversity to food security: the experience of Tuvalu

    Itaia Lausaveve, Director of Agriculture, Ministry of Natural Resources, Tuvalu [Presentation]

Thursday 1st November 2012

Panel 3: Enhancing resilience of Pacific Islands to climate change effects

This panel will present some concrete examples across the Pacific on ways to increase resilience through innovation, cross-sectors collaboration and adequate financial resources.

    - Building resilience through adaptation and mitigation strategies and actions

    Espen Ronneberg, Climate Change Adviser for the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) [Presentation]

    - Agriculture and Climate Change Adaptation in the Pacific

    Andrew McGregor, Director, Koko Siga Fiji [Presentation]

    - Building resilience through macroeconomic and energy policies

    Shaswat Sapkota, Associate Programme Officer, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Subregional Office, Suva, Fiji [Presentation]

    - Pacific Appropriate Community Adaptation for productive Sectors

    Christopher Bartlett, SPC-GIZ Coping with Climate Change in the Pacific Islands Region,CCCPIR [Presentation]

    - Strengthening national governance of the funding used for adaptation in the Pacific region

    Sarah Meads, Researcher, Oxfam, New Zealand [Presentation]

    - Financing climate change adaptation and mitigation

    Coral Pasisi, Regional and International Issues Adviser, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat [Presentation]

    - The role of Pacific Island Tuna Fisheries in building resilience to climate change

    Peter Philipson, Director, Fisheries Development Division, Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency, Solomon Islands [Presentation]

Panel 4: Greening the economy and enhancing sustainable development

This panel will discuss how greening the economy can offer real opportunities for the Pacific islands enhance sustainable development and increase resilience for sustainable production and consumption.

    - Green Growth in a Blue World: Pacific Perspective

    Iosefa Maiava, Head of United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Subregional Office, Fiji [Presentation]

    - Indicators and economic tools to effect more inclusive and sustainable growth in the Pacific

    Jillian Campbell, Economic & Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Subregional Office, Fiji [Presentation]

    - Sustainability in the context of coastal and marine tourism: Marine Protected Areas in Vanuatu

    John Ronneth, Chairman, Marine Protected Areas: Nguna-Pele Marine Protected Area, Vanuatu [Presentation]

    - Green Economies -the Pacific response to climate change- an extraordinary emphasis on biodiversity, environment and resilient societies

    Taholo Kami, Regional Director, IUCN Oceania, Fiji [Presentation]

    - Increasing valued added production through green developments and models

    Chey Scovell, Manufacturers Council of Papua New Guinea [Presentation]

    - Potential and achievements in the sector of green energy

    Philippe Mehrenberger, Director of Unelco, Vanuatu [Presentation]

    - Linking sectors: developing agro-tourism” experiences from the Caribbean

    Ena Harvey, Agrotourism Specialist and Caribbean Management Coordinator, Inter-American Institute for cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), Costa Rica [Presentation]

    - Eco-tourism initiatives within the Pacific

    Linda Kalpoi, General Manager, Vanuatu Tourism Office [Presentation]

    - Improving knowledge exchange and policy dialogue on climate change and green economy

    Isolina Boto, Manager, Brussels Office, CTA [Presentation]

Friday 2nd November 2012

The way forward

Discussion on key negotiating positions of AOSIS, MSG and other groupings.

Communiqué to be presented at the 1st ACP Council of Ministers on Climate Change to be held in Brussels 7-9 November 2012, at the ACP Summit of Heads of State to be held from 12-14 December 2012 in Equatorial Guinea and to the Co18 in Qatar.

Press communiqué and press conference.

Closing remarks

Field trip: Marine Protected Area of Nguna Pele Islands

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